Episode 37: Decoding Decision-Making in Prostate Cancer (Part 2)
Importance of informed decision making and arming patients with accurate and reliable information.
Understanding the concept of patient preferences in treatment decision making.
Overcoming decision biases and how the emotion of a cancer diagnosis can outweigh a rational decision-making process.
Podcast Club featuring Men's Health Network
What is a Podcast Club? Podcast clubs are a way for our community to engage in and respond to podcast episodes that matter to them. This Podcast Club features Men's Health Network Senior Science Advisor, Dr. Sal Giorgianni. Dr. Giorgianni has also had a personal experience with Prostate Cancer as a patient.
About our guest
David F. Penson, MD, MPH is the Hamilton and Howd Chair in Urologic Oncology, Director of the Center for Surgical Quality and Outcomes Research and Professor and Chair, Department of Urology at Vanderbilt University. He currently maintains a clinical practice in urologic oncology at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center. While his general research focus is clinical epidemiology and health services research across all urologic disease, his specific interests include the comparative effectiveness of treatment options in localized prostate cancer and the impact of the disease and its treatment on patients’ quality of life.
Watch the video of our episode on YouTube
On overdiagnosis and the clinical shift to active surveillance.
We have this situation where we were over diagnosing. Half the men who were detected by PSA screening at the turn of the century were overdiagnosed, depending on how you defined overdiagnosis. And they were all getting treated. So you had this terrible problem where we were just kind of treating everybody. I think what we've learned is that, in fact, not everyone with prostate cancer needs to be treated. That PSA picks up a lot of clinically indolent prostate cancer.
On determining a patient’s treatment priorities.
The cancer control and cure piece is not quite as clear [with radiation] because you're not pulling the cancer out. So you don't have the psychological benefit of knowing what you're dealing with. And it's very hard to do surgery after radiation. So it becomes this set of options, a set of what's important to you, right? So patients may not walk in the door saying, ‘I have a preference set.’ But as you start talking to them, their preference set becomes relatively clear. And when I talk to them, I say, ‘Listen, I can tell you what I would do,’ because a lot of times they say, ‘Doc, what would you do?’ But the problem is, I can't take Dave out of Dr. Penson, right? So I have my own set of preferences.
On how emotion can override rational decision making.
But I think it's very hard to sort of turn down the emotional volume because the word ‘cancer’, any human hears that, and it scares you. Right? That goes back to what we were saying before about maybe we shouldn't be calling Gleason 6 cancer, cancer. Because there's a charge that goes with that word that freaks people out.
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